The Sociology of Shreds!

By: Mohammad Aburumman

تم نشره في Thu 14 July / Jul 2016. 09:45 PM
  • Mohammad Aburumman

The Arab region is turmoiled with division, conflict, and internal polarisation. The most evident of these recently, comprising a real issue for the future of region, is the spread of sectarian fanaticism and the pointless, destructive Sunni-Shiite conflict, tearing apart countries and peoples alike.

On the other hand, provincial, ethnic, and religious struggles as well, often comprise a similar threat to states and societies; like the Kurdish, Hothi, and Amazighi situations, brewing deeply in the heart of the Arab region.

As for countries in chaos, allegiances, alliances, and divisions, all the same; are carried out on provincial and tribal basis, reinforced by standing influence of power!

In Iraq, Syria, and Libya, one would find allegiance to any one organisation, ISIS or else, has turned more into a territorial trend; more to do with the territory or the tribe, than mostly anything else. For example, in the west Daraa countryside battles, ISIS proponents in the towns they control view those who oppose ISIS as members of another tribe, “Shuaitat”, known for its resentment and hostility to the Organisation, who massacred a scalable number of its members in light of a rebellion against ISIS in Deir el Zour.

In Libya, ISIS has retained large recruitment capacities in Sirt, given the loyalty of the tribes there to the Gadhafi regime. News, some weeks ago, pointed out to the death of a son of one of Gadhafi’s leading generals, as he fought in the ranks of ISIS against other parties.

Naturally, it is not so different in Sinai, Egypt, where there seems to be evident interception between some tribes and ISIS there, in protest again the policies of the Egyptian regime towards the region and its residents. The same goes for Yemen, splitting the cake and all.

Even other, less intensely challenged Arab states face internal division and strong political polarisations. The Islamist-Secular struggle now ranks high and fast up the latter of issues in the regional scene to becoming a vital part of the dynamic.

Generally, this particular struggle is an extension of the “Arab Spring” and the following dominance of Islamists in office in many Arab states, arriving there via polls, which scared leftists, liberals, and pan-Arabists, and a vast segment of secularists half to death over the gains of secularism in recent periods, especially in the cultural and social spheres.

The struggle, overall, was inaugurated with the counter revolution reinforced by conservative powers in the region. This shone through the military coup in Egypt, July 2014, simultaneously meanwhile the unfolding of the Syrian situation, which in turn has struck division among pan-Arabists and leftists on one side, and Islamists on the other, between proponent and opponent. This, of course, reflected on the Arab social scene!

This dynamic produced two contradictive poles, or extremes; a conservative social mood haunted with concern over identity and the rise of secular agendas seeking to unbind society and Islamic culture, on one side; and on the other, a secular current worried of the seeding of a fanatical extremist culture, seeking devotedly to dry out its roots in schools, universities, mosques, and the civil society!

These poles have been building pulls that turned into a new socio-cultural struggle between the conservative current, aligned with the extremist current, which is investing in these fears, on one end, and the moderate seculars whom have been polled into the trenches of radical secularists, in an inappropriate battle, at in an inappropriate time!

What we need is subtle, rational review of the development of our sociology and the growth of our societies, in respect to the required religious reformation, which requires a deeper and smarter process than the quarrelling we see around us, trailing fictional battles that cause only further shredding and internal struggle, may be even divisions among societies!