What Happened in Turkey?!

By: Fahed Khitan

تم نشره في Sat 16 July / Jul 2016. 11:06 PM
  • Fahed Khitan

The coup’s failure in Turkey was not a blow to the plotters themselves, alone; but a killing blow to whatever is left of the inheritance of the first Turkish republic; Ataturk’s republic, its principles, announcing the rise of a new Turkish era; Erdogan’s republic.

At first, it seemed Turkey has retained its festive reputation of military coups. There is no doubt that officers in lead of the coup had made their moves with confidence that they will surely be successful, as were their peers before them.

The whole world thought the coup had succeeded indeed. But, just hours into the overnight clashes, the situation took a shift; the military came asplit over the coup, with the police and gendarmerie standing against it. The Turkish populace, in shock at the view of tanks sweeping through public squares, took to the streets against the coup by the thousands, shortly after Erdogan’s Skype message.

Erdogan’s adversaries and archenemies, even those he drove out of power, including former President Abdullah Gul, former Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu, and Turkish opposition parties Erdogan despises, stood firmly against the coup in support of constitutional legitimacy.

As a result, plotters arrived into isolation by the populace and the political elite, lacking of the military’s full support, before no other option but to give in.

The failure of the coup will preface for Erdogan and his party what was otherwise unattainable; the purging of the military and the state, which has already begun the moment the attempt took its fall. Everybody affiliated with Fathallah Gullen, as well as all those in opposition of the ruling party within the Army, Security Devices, Judicial Authorities, and government, will be crushed, in the pretexts of cleansing plotters of the coup.

Opposition will now be rendered helpless before a made unbeatable leader, granting him the opportunity to pass all and any constitutional amendments brought to the table by Erdogan to instil the presidential system.

The coup gave the ruling party an unrivalled absolute authority to run the country. Which stands an everlasting lesson to be learnt for the army, ousting their dream of authority and taking over the country’s course.

On the other hand, what happened in Turkey yesterday draws a huge question mark on democracy’s capacity to sustain stability as in countries of the region. Ithas been 35 years since Turkey’s last military coup. Some saw that Turkey’s democratic train has crossed miles beyond return. What happened last night, however, show the roots of dictatorship are deeply instilled in societies, and may resurface at any time, regardless of how strong the democratic institution is.

The discourse in favour of the Justice and Development party in Turkey, as well as Erdogan’s oppressive tendencies and his strong struggle with ally Fathallah Gullen, may have all factored the resurgence of coups in Turkey among the military, coupled with Turkey’s regional policies, which the country on a collision with the Kurds and terrorist groups on one hand, and Gullen’s people on the inside on the other, from alignment at the beginning of the discourse in Syria, to being isolated towards the end, now.

The coup has failed, but the storming night will have major percussions across the country, as well as on Turkey’s regional role.

No one before had dared raise a finger at Erdogan; last night, they drew their arms at his face, leaving him isolated for hours, with no media to communicate through besides his phone. Erdogan, once again, is on the edge, so; what will he do?!