World Faces Growing Nuclear Dangers, UN Says

تم نشره في Mon 26 September / Sep 2016. 11:00 PM
  • United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon - (Archives)

AMMAN — The world faces growing nuclear dangers and tensions, yet progress in multilateral nuclear disarmament has come to a "standstill," United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said late Monday, reiterating a call for complete global nuclear disarmament as the international community marks the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons.

"Let us pledge to work for the total elimination of nuclear weapons with urgency and a sense of collective purpose. Our very survival depends upon it," Ban said in a message to mark the day, observed annually on 26 September.

Noting that nuclear disarmament is one of the founding principles of the UN, the Secretary-General said that it was also the objective of the first General Assembly resolution.

"Sadly, many countries continue to include nuclear deterrence in their security doctrines. But recent developments have shown that nuclear weapons do not ensure peace and security. Rather, their development and possession has become a major source of international tension," the UN chief said.

As we scan the global horizon, we face growing nuclear dangers. Progress in multilateral nuclear disarmament has come to a standstill," he said, adding that tens of billions of dollars have been pledged to maintain and upgrade nuclear weapon systems, and one country – the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea – has "repeatedly defied the norm against nuclear testing and the will of the international community in the reckless pursuit of nuclear and ballistic missile capabilities." He added that there are growing divisions on the future of multilateral nuclear disarmament. The next review cycle of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons begins in 2017, and "the world cannot afford another round of inaction," Mr. Ban said.

Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson highlighted that next February, the world will celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean, known as the Tlatelolco Treaty.

"This landmark treaty was the first to prohibit nuclear weapons in a densely populated region. It has served as a model and inspiration for future nuclear-weapon-free zones," said Eliasson, who spoke on behalf of the Secretary-General.

Noting that the international community marked the twentieth anniversary of the opening for signature of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) this past week, Eliasson reiterated that the Secretary-General strongly supports all efforts to uphold the international norm against nuclear testing, pending the Treaty’s entry into force.

UN chief deputy that tens of billions of dollars have been pledged to maintain and upgrade nuclear weapon systems, and one country – the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea – has "repeatedly defied the norm against nuclear testing and the will of the international community in the reckless pursuit of nuclear and ballistic missile capabilities." A landmark international treaty opened for signature in 1968, the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons entered into force in 1970, and was extended indefinitely on 11 May 1995. The treaty aims to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament. It represents the only binding commitment in a multilateral treaty to the goal of disarmament by the nuclear-weapon States.

(Petra)

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