A nuclear Iran and Jordan

تم نشره في Tue 7 April / Apr 2015. 09:57 AM

By Jumana Ghunaimat

After the signed US-Iran nuclear program framework agreement, Jordan has now a window to negotiate with the US in the future that allows uranium enrichment in Jordan, after the US rejected that for years.

Jordan, during the past years, refused to bow and to waive the right of the country and future generations to enrich uranium for peaceful purposes, and the agreement remained pending between the parties so far.

The similarities between the Jordanian and Iranian agreement is Israel’s unified position against them. The later has always sought, and is still, to hinder the steps of Jordan's nuclear program, and Iran, based on its belief that what it is allowed others are not, just because of its infinite influence over the US.

Israel fears of the "Jordanian nuclear", despite the emphasis on its peaceful purposes, is not that it is a potential military threat, but that it might enable and impoverished country to provide a local source of energy that will render it not in need.

Tehran, under the agreement cheered by everyone, paid dearly to sign the framework agreement. They have waived, in principle, the military part of the project, which turned it into a completely peaceful civilian project. For that, it has made major concessions, to lift the sanctions imposed on it after its economy suffered from a severe bottleneck phase; firstly because of the sanctions, and secondly due to the decline in oil prices over the past period.

In accepting the agreement, Iran ceded investments initiated by the father of their nuclear program the Shah of Iran, in the seventies of the last decade, when he sent thousands of students from his country to receive a graduate studies in US universities and institutes, after understandings with the US and the West that allowed Iran to build a nuclear force. The international community was inclined to distribute the power in the region between Iran and Israel.

US and Western support for the Iranian project continued until the 1979revolution, and the subsequent attack on the US embassy in Tehran. The Iranian project, which began nearly four decades ago, was stopped then, while absolute support for the Israeli nuclear program continued, and not subjected to international non-proliferation agreements.

Jordan, practically, is between this and that. Although it is the closest US ally in the region, "priceless" as the US Ambassador in Amman says, it still did not reap the results of this alliance by signing a nuclear cooperation between the two countries, reaffirming the right of the Kingdom to enrich uranium, while logic dictates that Washington should meet the demands of its ally, as long as it allowed it to Iran.

Benefits from the conclusion of this agreement increase in the future, especially as the Middle East becomes a nuclear, and multiple states have started or are on their way to the establishment of nuclear reactors. Jordan want in this club, too, so as not to miss the opportunity again.

The Framework agreement with Iran allowed it to enrich until 3.8%. Hence, allowing Jordan to do so, an energy-strapped country, is not an exception, but justice requires that standards are unified, except that the goal by depriving Jordan of this right is to appease Israel.



This article is an edited translation from the Arabic edition