Eurozone leaders echo hopes for Greek deal

تم نشره في Tue 23 June / Jun 2015. 09:09 AM - آخر تعديل في Tue 23 June / Jun 2015. 09:11 AM
  • Pro-euro and anti-austerity rallies have been held in Athens

Eurozone leaders have echoed hopes that a deal can be struck within days to stop Greece defaulting on its debt.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel said new proposals offered by Greece constituted "some progress". But she said more work was needed and "time is short".

Greece must repay a €1.6bn (£1.1bn) International Monetary Fund (IMF) loan by the end of the month.

If it fails to do so, it risks crashing out of the single currency.

Although no deal has been struck, the obstacles appear to have been cleared, BBC Europe Correspondent Damian Grammaticas reports from Brussels.

The deal being formed is said to include:

  • New taxes on businesses and the wealthy
  • Selective increases in VAT
  • No further reductions in pensions or public-sector wages - "red lines" for Greece's Syriza government

Only once agreement is reached will creditors unlock the final €7.2bn tranche of bailout funds.

The move was received with cautious optimism by leaders of 18 other eurozone nations gathered for an emergency summit in Brussels.

Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras met the heads of Greece's three international creditors - the IMF, the European Commission and the European Central Bank (ECB) - in Brussels on Monday ahead of attending the summit.

After the talks ended on Monday evening, Mrs Merkel said that everyone taking part wanted Greece to stay in the eurozone, "myself included".

"The proposals offered by Greece today constitute some progress. However, it became clear during our discussions that there is a lot of work to be done and time is short," she said.

French President Francois Hollande said Greece and its creditors were "moving towards an accord".

He also said there was "still work to be done" for a solution to be in sight when eurozone finance ministers meet again on Wednesday.

European Council President Donald Tusk said the new Greek proposals were viewed as a "a positive step", and that they would be "further assessed over the coming hours".

"As the last hours have shown we can see all parties fully committed to finding a solution," he added.

He said the aim was to have eurozone finance ministers approve a package on Wednesday evening that would be put to eurozone leaders for final endorsement on Thursday morning.

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker - one of the key power-brokers - told a late-night news conference: "I am convinced that we will come to a final agreement in the course of this week".

Meanwhile, thousands attended a rally outside the Greek parliament in Athens on Monday in support of Greece staying in the eurozone. It came a day after an anti-austerity protest backing the government's tough stance towards creditors.

Talks have been in deadlock for five months with Greece's three main creditors unwilling to unlock the final instalment of bailout funds until Greece agrees to economic reforms.

Greece's left-wing Syriza government has opposed reforms that it says will impose unnecessary hardship on the Greek people.

The European Central Bank (ECB) again increased its emergency funding for Greek banks on Monday after anxious savers withdrew more than €4bn in recent days.

Greek debt talks: Main sticking points

  • Greece will not accept cuts to pension payments or public sector wages, saying two-thirds of pensioners are either below or near the poverty line
  • International creditors want pension spending cut by 1% of GDP - it accounts for 16% of Greek GDP. They say they want to target early retirement, not lower-income pensioners
  • EU officials say Greece has agreed to budget surplus targets of 1% of GDP this year, followed by 2% in 2016 and 3.5% by 2018; Greece says nothing is agreed until everything is agreed
  • Creditors also want a wider VAT base; Greece says it will not allow extra VAT on medicines or electricity bills
  • Greece complains creditors focus on increasing taxes instead of cracking down on tax evasion; IMF is concerned Athens is not offering credible reforms
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