Marwan Mouasher

Between 'Daesh' and The State of Citizenship

تم نشره في Wed 10 February / Feb 2016. 01:00 AM - آخر تعديل في Sun 14 February / Feb 2016. 07:41 PM
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I listened with great concern to a lecture by Professor Munqith Dagher, who is an Iraqi expert specialised in opinion polls in Iraq —particularly in the regions controlled by ISIS. And although it is difficult to conduct such surveys, this particular specialist uses fairly reliable and concrete methods of polling popular opinions. His latest studies polled the general opinion of Mosul residents —an Iraqi city occupied by ISIS.

Although the polls concluded possibly expected results, this times the outcomes are backed by numbers and figures.

Not only are the conclusions of Dagher’s latest studies important as lessons for the Iraqi State, they are invaluable to all parties engaged in fighting off ISIS militarily without an opposing political or ideological project or proposition that is socially and politically inclusive, as well as aimed at bettering people’s lives with security and economic resolution; Which is the exact opposite of how it was in Mosul and the Iraqi Provinces with Sunni Majorities who suffered major side-lining by the State and the harassment of Shiite militias back by the government.

The results show that ISIS had very low popularity in Mosul back in June 2014 the night they took the City; their popularity did not exceed 10 per cent. Last month, earlier this year 2016, the polls showed an increase in the popularity of ISIS in the same city closing 40 per cent, citing a tremendous increase that does not go along with the barbarity ISIS is known to treat people with. The reason why however, the results indicate, is because people generally felt that the terrorist organisation was able to restore order to the City and put an end to the incursion of Shiite militias and regulatory State forces against the residents of Mosul.

When surveyed about the whether or not they trusted their government, only 18 per cent the Iraqi people of Mosul had any degree of faith in the Iraqi Parliament, 38 per cent had some degree of trust in Iraqi Armed Forces, while Iraqi police scored only 30 per cent. Many of the surveyed individuals implied they were worried that the liberation of Mosul by State forces will not bring the much needed stability, security, or prosperity it promises to bring —in light of past experience with pre-ISIS central government.

Have we steeped so low to the point that 40 per cent of the region’s people would rather be governed by an expiatory savage administration that chops off heads, muffles speech, and rules through fear as opposed to the alternative —a central government, that seems even worse? How many beatings must we take before we realise that the only way stability and prosperity can be attained is through the inclusive construction of the state of citizenship that offers equality to all its citizens? And that whoever rejects this notion only empowers ISIS and their sorts, nothing else?

The defeat of ISIS will not come in any other way but the construction of the modern Nation State. And however obvious this statements sounds, it can be no farther from the reality of most Arab states when it comes to translating the obvious into real work in pursuit and implementation of actionable, convincing plans for the people.

Sadly, we do not realise that 80 per cent of the liberated territories of Al Ramadi has been wiped out, and that the oil rich State Treasury of Iraq is empty because the country is so burdened with corruption and will not be able to rebuild Al Ramadi. Only then can we realise the problem. Because freeing the Cities that were under ISIS’ control without rebuilding them will only lead to the resurgence of a new, even bloodier ISIS, exactly the way this version of it is much bloodier that the previous one led by Abu Musab Al Zarqawi.

 No one claims they do not know what should be done. Either you address the factors that gave surge to "Daesh" increased their popularity no less, or you stop getting shocked when you see provinces and regions in whole lining up behind ignorance and bloodbath simply because they see in that the premise of security and order, and the facilitation of services that is better than what the Arab states are known to provide.